Gently wash your face twice a day with mild soap, pat dry, and apply an appropriate treatment for the acne. Vigorous washing and scrubbing will irritate the skin and may make the acne worse.
Even if you have oily skin, an oil-free moisturizer may help reduce the shiny appearance of your face.Your skin may produce more oil in reaction to frequent washing. By using an oil-free moisturizer, your skin may stay hydrated and may not secrete as much excess oil in order to make up for all that you washed off. In addition, if your skin is sensitive and you are using products that dry out the skin, you may need the extra moisture to prevent redness and irritation.
Your doctor is the best source of information on the drug treatment choices available to you.
If you have shallow acne scarring, chemical peeling procedures are effective treatments. Usually, scarring from acne lesions will disappear within 6 to 18 months; however, some cases may require the chemical peeling procedure to reduce acne scarring. More severe scarring may require dermabrasion or ultra-pulse CO2 laser, which removes the scarred layers of skin.
If you have severe, deep scarring, excisions or grafts by a dermatologic or plastic surgeon may be needed.
Some people find alternative therapies for acne to be helpful. However, none of these treatments have been tested or approved by the FDA.
Calendula is an herbal treatment for acne.Calendula is an orange flowering plant whose flowers can be boiled in water for 10 minutes to make tea. Washing the skin with the warm tea alleviates oily build-ups.
Tea tree oil has long been thought to help heal acne lesions and acts as both an astringent and an antibacterial agent. Tee tree oil is now a popular ingredient in facial cleaners and over-the-counter acne medications. The oil itself can be bought in its pure form in health food stores.
If you are pregnant with acne, you should avoid taking certain oral antibiotics , oral and isotretinoin (e.g., Accutane). Isotretinoin is associated with birth defects.
Most acne remains mild, does not require prescription therapy, and does not lead to scarring. Most people treat their acne with over-the-counter products.
For those people who have acne that does not respond to drugstore therapies, a dermatologist can help find the right prescription treatment. While acne is not always avoidable, it is certainly controllable. If acne is causing you psychological distress, it is time to see a professional.
Continue acne therapy throughout adolescence unless otherwise directed by a doctor.Since most topical therapies do not have a direct effect on sebum production, their effects usually stop when you stop using it. Although systemic antibiotics work to clear the skin of bacteria, they are used usually in combination with other drugs to unclog the pores.
Contact your physician if acne does not resolve after prescription treatment.Sometimes people are not responsive to particular drugs because the bacteria become resistant to the medication; therefore, a physician may consider a combination of topical and oral therapies for treatment.
Report any drug side effects to your physician promptly [
Table 2].The side effects of prescription medication range from mild to severe, and should be recognized and reported to your physician immediately for re-evaluation of therapy. Common side effects of oral antibiotics are diarrhea, stomach cramps, and sensitivity to light.
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