Glaucoma Treatment

  • Treatment

    It is important for you to take all the medications your doctor prescribes, keep your appointments, and notify your doctor if your vision begins to worsen.

    Ask your doctor about medicine you can take by mouth to help treat glaucoma.

    If eye drops and pills are not effective in treating your glaucoma, your eye doctor may recommend a type of surgery called a trabeculectomy, or a filtering procedure. Trabeculectomy would open up passages in your eye to improve the flow of aqueous humor. You would receive antibiotic eye drops following the procedure and go back to see your eye doctor for follow up. You may need to have this procedure repeated a few times for the pressure in your eye to really improve. A trabeculectomy will not improve your vision, but it can help prevent your vision from getting worse.

    There are no known alternative medicine treatments for glaucoma.

    Laser therapy can also be an effective treatment for POAG. Your eye doctor can do this quick procedure in the office. This procedure allows more of the eye fluid to drain.

    Many people with glaucoma take prescription eye drops. You can ask your doctor about which eye drops would be best for you.

    Screening for glaucoma can help prevent severe visual loss, but not all medical societies agree on how often to screen people. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that everyone over age 40 have a full eye exam and a test for IOP. If you are not at high risk for glaucoma, you should have a repeat screening exam every 3 to 5 years. If you have a higher risk for glaucoma and/or you are over the age of 60, you should get a screening exam every 1 to 2 years.

    Childhood glaucoma is a rare condition that occurs in infants and babies within their first year. Children with this condition may have sensitivity to light and a cloudy cornea. Early diagnosis and treatment can help babies and children retain normal vision.

    If you have glaucoma, but your vision is not getting worse, you should see your eye doctor at least every six months. If your vision is getting worse or your eye doctor is increasing your medicine, you may need to be seen every few weeks. Glaucoma that is diagnosed and treated early generally has a good prognosis.

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