In case of sudden change in character of your symptoms or development of other symptoms such as chest pain or difficulty breathing, consult your doctor or seek emergency help.
Functional dyspepsia is often a result of diet and lifestyle factors. There are many self care techniques you can use to both ease the discomfort and to avoid indigestion altogether.
- Avoid food and beverages that can irritate a damaged esophageal lining, such as citrus fruits and juices, tomato products, and pepper
- Sleep with your head elevated about six inches
- Take walks after meals to aid in digestion
- Avoid eating before bed and avoid late night snacking
- Avoid tight clothing around the waist
- Stop smoking
- Lose weight if necessary
- Take antacids one hour after meals and before bed
- Get regular exercise
- Eat plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
- Learn stress reduction techniques
- Talk to your doctor about other medications you are taking, to see if perhaps they are the cause of the indigestion
Your doctor is the best source of information on the drug treatment choices available to you.
Up to half of people with functional dyspepsia get well on their own. Others may have chronic or recurring symptoms throughout life and may need to continue taking medications.
Continue to see your doctor until you have been told you have no serious problem. Then consult your doctor as needed for uncontrolled symptoms, and be aware of warning signs of more serious disease. If symptoms continue, revisit your doctor until you can be assured that you have “functional dyspepsia,” that is, you have no serious underlying disorder causing your indigestion. Your doctor should perform an endoscopy, and perhaps other tests, to be certain of this diagnosis.
If you have been diagnosed with functional dyspepsia, be sure to return to your doctor if any new troubling symptoms arise, especially:
- Unintentional weight loss
- Trouble swallowing
- Blood in the stool
- Recurrent vomiting
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