Generic Name: Nitazoxanide

  • What is Alinia?

    Alinia is used to treat diarrhea caused by the parasites Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lambia. The suspension is indicated for patients 1 year of age and older. The tablets are indicated for patients 12 years of age and older.
  • What is the most important information I should know about Alinia?

    The safety and effectiveness of Alinia have not been studied in children less than 12 months old. The tablets contain a greater amount of the drug than the oral suspension and should not be used in children under 11 years old.
  • Who should not take Alinia?

    Do not begin treatment with Alinia if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. Also, this drug should not be given to those who have kidney or liver problems or with weakened immune systems, including those with HIV or AIDS.
  • What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Alinia?

    Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Alinia. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have diabetes (this drug contains sucrose, a type of sugar), have or had liver problems, have or had kidney problems, or you have or had bile or gallbladder problems.
  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.

    Adults and children 12 years and older: 1 tablet (500 mg nitazoxanide) every 12 hours with food or 25 mL of oral suspension (500 mg nitazoxanide) every 12 hours with food.

    Children 4-11 years: 10 mL of oral suspension (200 mg nitazoxanide) every 12 hours with food.

    Children 1-3 years: 5 milliliters (mL) of oral suspension (100 mg nitazoxanide) every 12 hours with food.

  • How should I take Alinia?

    Alinia should be taken with food. The amount of water needed to prepare the oral suspension is 48 mL. Tap bottle until all powder flows freely. Add approximately one-half of the total amount of water required and shake vigorously to suspend powder. Add remainder of water and again shake vigorously.
  • What should I avoid while taking Alinia?

    Avoid taking Alinia on an empty stomach.
  • What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Alinia?

    If Alinia is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. Always check with your doctor before combining Alinia with any other medication.
  • What are the possible side effects of Alinia?

    Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.

    Side effects may include: constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, dry mouth, gas, headache, itchiness, leg cramps, muscle aches, nausea, sore throat, sweating, thirst

  • Can I receive Alinia if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of Alinia during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Talk with your doctor before taking this drug if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • What should I do if I miss a dose of Alinia?

    Take the forgotten dose with food as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the regular schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
  • How should I store Alinia?

    Store at room temperature. Oral suspension may only be kept for 7 days when mixed with water.