What is Amikacin?Amikacin is an antibiotic used to treat certain bacterial infections of the blood, respiratory (lung) tract, bones, joints, central nervous system (CNS), skin, soft tissue, abdomen, and urinary tract. Also, amikacin can be used to treat burns or certain infections after surgery. Amikacin may also be used to treat other bacterial infections, as determined by your doctor. Amikacin is administered intravenously (through a vein in your arm) or intramuscularly (into the muscle).
What is the most important information I should know about Amikacin?Amikacin can cause harm to your nervous system, including problems with your hearing and balance. This can also cause numbness, skin tingling, muscle twitching, or seizures. Your risk can increase with impaired kidney function and prolonged treatment with this medication. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience dizziness, ringing or roaring in your ear, or any changes in your hearing.
Amikacin can cause kidney problems. Your doctor will monitor your kidney function. You should stay well-hydrated while taking amikacin. Tell your doctor if you experience a decrease in urination.
Muscle weakness and decreased lung function can occur while receiving amikacin. Your risk can increase if you are taking amikacin with medications used for anesthesia or muscle relaxants.
Amikacin can harm your unborn baby if you receive it during pregnancy. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Serious or severe allergic reactions or anaphylaxis (a serious and rapid allergic reaction that may result in death if not immediately treated) can occur while taking amikacin. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience a severe rash or difficulty breathing.
Who should not take Amikacin?Your doctor will not administer amikacin if you are allergic to it, any of its ingredients, or similar antibiotics (such as neomycin, streptomycin, or tobramycin).
Your doctor will not administer amikacin to treat viral infections, such as the common cold.
What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Amikacin?Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with amikacin. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have allergies; kidney disease; muscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis (a disease characterized by long-lasting fatigue and muscle weakness) or Parkinson's disease; or are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
What is the usual dosage?The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.
Adults and children: Your doctor will administer the appropriate dose for you based on your body weight and condition.
If you have kidney impairment, your doctor will adjust your dose appropriately.
How should I take Amikacin?Your doctor will administer amikacin to you in a hospital or clinic setting.
What should I avoid while taking Amikacin?Your doctor will not administer amikacin with other similar antibiotics that can cause hearing or kidney problems.
Do not miss your scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor.
What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Amikacin?If amikacin is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining amikacin with the following: cisplatin, diuretics (water pills) (such as ethacrynic acid or furosemide), or other antibiotics that can harm your brain function or kidneys (such as amphotericin B, bacitracin, cephaloridine, colistin, gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin, paromomycin, polymyxin B, streptomycin, tobramycin, vancomycin, or viomycin).
What are the possible side effects of Amikacin?Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.
Side effects may include: allergic reactions, dizziness, fever, headache, hearing loss, loss of balance, low blood pressure, low urination, nausea, rash, ringing or roaring in your ear, vomiting, weakness
Can I receive Amikacin if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?Amikacin can harm your unborn baby if you receive it during pregnancy. The effects of amikacin during breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Amikacin?Amikacin should be given under special circumstances determined by your doctor. Your doctor will administer amikacin to you.
How should I store Amikacin?Your doctor will store this medication for you.