Generic Name: Amoxicillin

  • What is Augmentin?

    Augmentin is used to treat lower respiratory, middle ear, sinus, skin, and urinary tract infections that are caused by certain bacteria.

  • What is the most important information I should know about Augmentin?

    If you are allergic to either penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics in any form, consult your doctor before taking Augmentin. You may be allergic to it, and if a reaction occurs, it could be extremely severe. If you take the drug and feel signs of a reaction, seek medical attention immediately.

    Augmentin commonly causes diarrhea, which usually ends when the drug is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with Augmentin, you may get watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps or fever) even as late as 2 or more months after taking the last dose of Augmentin. If this happens, call your doctor as soon as possible.

    Augmentin does not treat the common cold. Although you may feel better soon after starting treatment, it is important to take Augmentin exactly as directed for the full course of treatment. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of Augmentin may decrease its effectiveness and may lead to the bacteria developing resistance so that it may no longer be treatable.

  • Who should not take Augmentin?

    If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to any penicillin medication, do not take this drug.

    Also avoid taking Augmentin if it has ever given you liver problems or yellowing of the skin and eyes.

    Do not take Augmentin if you have mononucleosis (a viral illness commonly referred to as "mono" that results in weakness and fatigue for weeks or months) since you may have an increased risk of getting a skin rash.

    If you are phenylketonuric (an inability to process phenylalanine, a protein in your body), you should not take Augmentin Oral Suspension and Chewable Tablets because these forms contain phenylalanine.

  • What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Augmentin?

    Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Augmentin. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have or had liver problems, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), kidney problems, or are receiving hemodialysis. Also, mention any antibiotic use, mononucleosis, infections, phenylketonuria, blood disorders, probenecid use, or use of oral blood-thinning drugs such as warfarin. You should also tell your doctor if you are pregnant, may be pregnant, plan to become pregnant, are breastfeeding, or plan to breastfeed.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.

    Adults: The usual adult dose of Augmentin is one 500-milligram (mg) tablet every 12 hours or one 250-mg tablet every 8 hours. For more severe infections, infections of the respiratory tract, and patients with severe kidney problems, your doctor will prescribe the appropriate dose.

    If you have trouble swallowing, you may be prescribed Augmentin Oral Suspension.

    Children: The usual dose of Augmentin Oral Suspension is weight based and your doctor will prescribe the appropriate dose for your child. The doses may be given as Augmentin Chewable Tablets.

  • How should I take Augmentin?

    It is important that you take this medicine according to your doctor's directions. Augmentin may be taken with or without food. Take Augmentin at the start of a meal to help prevent stomach upset.

    Shake the suspension well before using. Use a dosing spoon or medicine dropper to give a child the medication; rinse the spoon or dropper after each use.

    Discard any unused medicine.

  • What should I avoid while taking Augmentin?

    Avoid skipping doses or not completing the full course of Augmentin treatment. Skipping doses or stopping treatment early may decrease the effectiveness of Augmentin and may lead to the bacteria developing resistance so that it may no longer be treatable by Augmentin or other antibiotics.

  • What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Augmentin?

    If Augmentin is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Augmentin with the following: allopurinol, birth control pills, oral blood-thinning drugs such as warfarin, and probenecid.

  • What are the possible side effects of Augmentin?

    Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.

    Side effects may include: skin reactions (rash and hives), trouble breathing, liver problems, rise in liver enzymes, kidney problems, crystals in the urine, blood disorders (such as anemia, decreased white blood cell count), diarrhea, agitation, behavioral changes, nausea, discolored teeth (brown, yellow, or gray staining)

  • Can I receive Augmentin if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of Augmentin during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, may be pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of Augmentin?

    If you a miss a dose of Augmentin, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.

  • How should I store Augmentin?

    Store Augmentin tablets at room temperature in the original container away from heat, light, and moisture. Refrigerate Augmentin Oral Suspension and discard unused suspension after 10 days.

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I'm Beth Isaac, PharmD. Welcome to PDR Health!

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