What is Bactrim?Bactrim is an antibiotic used to treat different types of bacterial infections such as urinary tract infections, middle ear infections, bronchitis, intestinal infections, pneumonia, and traveler's diarrhea.
What is the most important information I should know about Bactrim?Like all antibiotics, Bactrim works only against bacteria. It will not cure an infection caused by a virus, such as the common cold or flu.
Bactrim may cause liver problems, severe skin rashes, and serious blood problems, such as anemia. If you experience a skin rash, shortness of breath, cough, sore throat, or fever while taking Bactrim, stop taking Bactrim and contact your doctor immediately.
Bactrim may make it more difficult for your blood to clot. If you notice any unusual bruising, bleeding, or rash, stop taking Bactrim and contact your doctor immediately.
Bactrim may cause more side effects in patients with AIDS.
Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea, although rare, may occur. Contact your doctor right away if you experience stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody stools. Do not treat the diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.
Who should not take Bactrim?You should not take Bactrim if you are allergic to any of its ingredients or if you have experienced an allergic reaction to Bactrim in the past.
Do not take Bactrim if you have a condition called megaloblastic anemia due to folate deficiency or if you have liver or kidney disease.
Do not take Bactrim if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Bactrim?Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Bactrim. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have an allergy to sulfa drugs, liver or kidney disease, a blood disorder, asthma, AIDS, or problems urinating. Also let your doctor know if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
What is the usual dosage?The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.
Adults and children: Your doctor will prescribe the appropriate dosage for you based on your condition.
How should I take Bactrim?While taking Bactrim, it is important to drink a lot of water, unless otherwise told by your doctor.
It is important to take the full dosage schedule of Bactrim, even if you're feeling better in a few days. Not completing the full dosage schedule may decrease the drug's effectiveness and increase the chances that the bacteria may become resistant to Bactrim and similar antibiotics. If this happens, Bactrim and similar antibiotics may not work in the future.
What should I avoid while taking Bactrim?Do not stop taking Bactrim or change your dosage without talking to your doctor.
What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Bactrim?If Bactrim is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Bactrim with the following: amantadine, ACE inhibitors, cyclosporine, digoxin, diuretics, indomethacin, methotrexate, oral diabetic medications, phenytoin, pyrimethamine, tricyclic antidepressants, and warfarin.
What are the possible side effects of Bactrim?Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.
Side effects may include: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, skin rash, hives, anemia, bleeding, swelling, liver or kidney problems, cough, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, trouble sleeping
Can I receive Bactrim if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?Do not take Bactrim if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Bactrim?If you miss a dose of Bactrim, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
How should I store Bactrim?Store Bactrim at room temperature in a tightly closed container away from light.
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