Botox

Generic Name: OnabotulinumtoxinA

  • What is Botox?

    Botox is a medicine used to treat leakage of urine (incontinence) in people with overactive bladder due to neurologic disease; to prevent headaches in people with chronic (long term) migraine; to treat increased muscle stiffness in elbow, wrist, or finger muscles in people with upper limb involuntary muscle contractions; to treat the abnormal head position and neck pain that happens with cervical dystonia; or to treat certain types of eye muscle problems or abnormal spasm of the eyelids. Botox can also be used to treat the symptoms of severe underarm sweating when medicines used on the skin do not work well. Botox may also be used to treat other conditions, as determined by your doctor. Botox is administered intramuscularly (injected into the muscle), intradetrusorly (injected into the bladder), or intradermally (injected into the skin).

  • What is the most important information I should know about Botox?

    Botox can cause serious side effects that can be life-threatening. These side effects can happen hours, days, and weeks after an injection of Botox.

    Botox can cause weakening of the muscles that you use to breathe and swallow, especially if you receive this medication in your throat, esophagus, stomach, or near your lungs. This can lead to serious swallowing, speaking, or breathing problems.

    The effects of Botox can affect areas of the body away from the injection site and cause serious symptoms. Tell your doctor immediately or seek medical help immediately if you experience trouble swallowing, speaking, breathing, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, double vision, hoarseness of your voice, change or loss of your voice, loss of bladder control, or loss of strength or muscle weakness all over your body.

    Botox can cause allergic reactions that may result in death if not immediately treated. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop a rash, swelling, or shortness of breath.

    Tell your doctor if you received any other botulinum toxin product in the past, especially within the last 4 months. Your doctor needs to know exactly which botulinum toxin product(s) you received before you receive Botox.

  • Who should not take Botox?

    Your doctor will not administer Botox to you if you are allergic to it, any of its ingredients, or other botulinum toxin product (such as Myobloc, Dysport, or Xeomin).

    Your doctor will not administer Botox to you if you have an infection at the planned site of injection. Also, your doctor will not administer Botox if you are being treated for urinary incontinence and are unable to urinate on your own or have a urinary tract infection.

  • What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Botox?

    Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Botox. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have had allergies or side effects to any botulinum toxin product; have breathing problems, including asthma or emphysema (lung disease that causes shortness of breath); have trouble swallowing or speaking; have bleeding problems; plan to have surgery or had surgery on your face; have weak forehead muscles; have drooping eyelids; have a disease that affects your muscles and nerves; have problems emptying your bladder; have urinary tract infection symptoms (such as pain or burning with urination, frequent urination, or fever); or are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.

    Adults: Your doctor will administer the appropriate dose for you based on your condition.

  • How should I take Botox?

    Your doctor will administer Botox to you.

  • What should I avoid while taking Botox?

    Do not miss your scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor.

    Do not drive or engage in other potentially hazardous activities if symptoms of loss of strength, muscle weakness, blurred vision, or drooping eyelids occur.

  • What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Botox?

    If Botox is used with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following prior to treatment with Botox: antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), certain antibiotics (such as gentamicin or tobramycin), or other botulinum-containing products.

  • What are the possible side effects of Botox?

    Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.

    Side effects may include: blurred or double vision, decreased eyesight, discomfort or pain at the injection site, drooping eyelids, dry eyes, dry mouth, headache, inability to empty bladder, neck pain, swelling of your eyelids, tiredness, urinary tract infection

  • Can I receive Botox if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of Botox during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of Botox?

    Botox should be given under special circumstances as determined by your doctor.

  • How should I store Botox?

    Your doctor will store this medication for you.