Ceftin

Generic Name: Cefuroxime

  • What is Ceftin?

    Ceftin is a cephalosporin antibiotic used to treat mild to moderate bacterial infections. Ceftin tablets are used to treat infections of the ear, respiratory tract, sinuses, skin, throat, tonsils, and urinary tract. Ceftin tablets are also used to treat gonorrhea (a sexually transmitted disease characterized by itching and burning during urination) and early-stage Lyme disease. Ceftin oral suspension is used to treat infections of the ear, throat, tonsils, and skin in children 3 months to 12 years of age.

  • What is the most important information I should know about Ceftin?

    Ceftin works only against bacteria. It will not cure an infection caused by a virus, such as the common cold or flu.

    Ceftin tablets and Ceftin oral suspension are not equivalent to each other; do not substitute one for the other.

    If you are allergic to either penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics, such as cefaclor, cefprozil, or cephalexin, consult your doctor before taking Ceftin. There is a possibility that you are allergic to both types of medication. If a reaction occurs, it could be extremely severe. If you take Ceftin and develop shortness of breath, a pounding heartbeat, a skin rash, or hives, seek medical attention immediately.

    Long-term or repeated use of Ceftin may cause a secondary infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a secondary infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this.

    Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea, although rare, may occur. Contact your doctor right away if you experience stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody stools. Do not treat the diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.

    Ceftin oral suspension contains phenylalanine. Notify your doctor if you have a condition called phenylketonuria (an inability to process phenylalanine).

  • Who should not take Ceftin?

    Do not take Ceftin if you are allergic to it, to any other cephalosporin antibiotics, or to penicillin.

  • What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Ceftin?

    Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Ceftin. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you are taking blood-thinning medications (such a warfarin), have a condition called phenylketonuria, a history of inflammation of the large intestine (colitis), kidney disease, or liver disease.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.

    Bronchitis

    Adults and adolescents ≥13 years: The usual dose is 250 milligrams (mg) or 500 mg twice a day for 5-10 days.

    Early Lyme Disease

    Adults and adolescents ≥13 years: The usual dose is 500 mg twice a day for 20 days.

    Gonorrhea

    Adults and adolescents ≥13 years: The usual dose is a single dose of 1 gram.

    Sinus, Throat, and Tonsil Infections

    Adults and adolescents ≥13 years: The usual dose is 250 mg twice a day for 10 days.

    Skin Infection

    Adults and adolescents ≥13 years: The usual dose is 250 mg or 500 mg twice a day for 10 days.

    Urinary Tract Infections

    Adults and adolescents ≥13 years: The usual dose is 250 mg twice a day for 7-10 days.

    Children 3 months to 12 years: Ceftin oral suspension may be prescribed instead of the tablets. Your doctor will determine the appropriate dose based on your child's weight and the type of infection being treated. Ceftin oral suspension is given twice a day for 10 days.

    For children who are able to swallow tablets whole, the usual dosage for an ear or sinus infection is 250 mg twice a day for 10 days.

  • How should I take Ceftin?

    Ceftin tablets can be taken on a full or empty stomach.

    Ceftin oral suspension must be taken with food. Shake the suspension well before each use.

    It is important to take the full dosage schedule of Ceftin, even if you are feeling better in a few days. Not completing the full dosage schedule may decrease the drug's effectiveness and increase the chances that the bacteria may become resistant to Ceftin and similar antibiotics. If this happens, Ceftin and similar antibiotics may not work in the future.

  • What should I avoid while taking Ceftin?

    Take Ceftin only when it is prescribed by your doctor, even if you have symptoms that are similar to those of a previous infection. Continued or prolonged use of Ceftin can lead to new infections that do not respond to Ceftin.

  • What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Ceftin?

    If Ceftin is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Ceftin with the following: birth control pills, blood thinning medications such as warfarin, probenecid, and strong diuretics (water pills) such as furosemide.

  • What are the possible side effects of Ceftin?

    Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.

    Side effects may include: diaper rash in infants, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, rash, hives, itching, swelling, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, gas, headache, loss of appetite, upset stomach

  • Can I receive Ceftin if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of Ceftin during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of Ceftin?

    If you miss a dose of Ceftin, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.

  • How should I store Ceftin?

    Store Ceftin at room temperature in a tightly closed container, away from moisture.

    Store Ceftin oral suspension in the refrigerator for up to 10 days, after which any unused portion must be thrown away.

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I'm Kristen Dore, PharmD. Welcome to PDR Health!

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