Cipro IV

Generic Name: Ciprofloxacin

  • What is Cipro IV?

    Cipro intravenous (IV) is an antibiotic used to treat certain bacterial infections of the urinary tract, lower respiratory (lung) tract, skin, bone, joint, abdomen, sinuses, and prostate. Cipro IV may also be used to treat other bacterial infections and conditions, as determined by your doctor. Cipro IV is administered intravenously (through a vein in your arm).

  • What is the most important information I should know about Cipro IV?

    Cipro IV can cause tendon problems (such as tendon rupture or swelling). Your risk can increase if you are over 60 years of age; are taking steroids; have had a kidney, heart, or lung transplant; do physical activity or exercise; have kidney failure; or have past tendon problems (such as rheumatoid arthritis [a type of arthritis that involves inflammation of the joints]). Tell your doctor immediately if you experience pain, swelling, tears, or inflammation of tendons in the back of your ankle (Achilles), shoulder, hand, or other tendon sites. Also, tell your doctor immediately if you hear or feel a snap or pop in a tendon area, bruise right after an injury in a tendon area, or are unable to move the affected area or bear weight.

    Cipro IV can cause worsening of myasthenia gravis (a disease characterized by long-lasting fatigue and muscle weakness) symptoms. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop muscle weakness or breathing problems.

    Serious or severe allergic reactions that may result in death if not immediately treated can occur while you are receiving Cipro IV. Your doctor will not administer Cipro IV if you are allergic to it, any of its ingredients, or similar antibiotics (such as levofloxacin or moxifloxacin). Tell your doctor immediately if you experience a severe rash or difficulty breathing.

    Do not drive, operate machinery, or do other activities that require mental alertness or coordination until you know how Cipro IV affects you. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience dizziness, lightheadedness, pain, burning, tingling, numbness, weakness, or seizures.

    Cipro IV can cause diarrhea or colitis (inflammation of the colon). This can occur a couple of months after receiving the last dose of Cipro IV. Tell your doctor immediately if you have diarrhea or colitis.

  • Who should not take Cipro IV?

    Your doctor will not administer Cipro IV to you if you are allergic to it, any of its ingredients, or similar antibiotics, or are taking a medicine called tizanidine.

    Your doctor will not administer Cipro IV to you to treat viral infections, such as the common cold.

  • What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Cipro IV?

    Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Cipro IV. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have tendon, nerve, or kidney problems; myasthenia gravis; central nervous system (CNS) problems (such as seizures); arrhythmia (life-threatening irregular heartbeat); have a history of joint problems; rheumatoid arthritis; or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.

    Your doctor may administer different doses than those listed below based on the type and severity of your infection.

    Bone, Joint, Lower Respiratory Tract, Prostate, Sinus, and Skin Infections

    Adults: The recommended dose for mild or moderate infection is 400 milligrams (mg) every 12 hours. Your doctor will determine the duration of treatment based on the type of your infection.

    Urinary Tract Infection

    Adults: The recommended dose for mild or moderate infection is 200 mg every 12 hours. For severe or complicated infection, the recommended dose is 400 mg every 8-12 hours. Your doctor will determine the duration of treatment based on the severity of your infection.

    Children 1-17 years: Your doctor will administer the appropriate dose for your child, based on their weight.

    If you have kidney impairment, your doctor will adjust your dose appropriately.

  • How should I take Cipro IV?

    Your doctor will administer Cipro IV for you in a hospital setting.

  • What should I avoid while taking Cipro IV?

    Do not miss your scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor.

  • What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Cipro IV?

    If Cipro IV is used with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. Cipro IV may interact with numerous medications. Therefore, it is very important that you tell your doctor about any other medications you are taking.

  • What are the possible side effects of Cipro IV?

    Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.

    Side effects may include: abdominal pain or discomfort, allergic reactions, burning, changes in sensation, colitis, confusion, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, irregular heartbeat, joint problems, nausea, numbness, pain, rash, seizures, sensitivity to light, tingling, vaginal yeast infection, vomiting, weakness, yellowing of your skin or whites of your eyes

  • Can I receive Cipro IV if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of Cipro IV during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Cipro IV can be found in your breast milk if you receive it while breastfeeding. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of Cipro IV?

    Cipro IV should be given under special circumstances determined by your doctor.

  • How should I store Cipro IV?

    Your doctor will store this medication for you.