Lantus

Generic Name: Insulin Glargine

  • What is this medication and its most common uses?

    Lantus is a long-acting insulin used to control high blood sugar in people with diabetes. Lantus is available as a cartridge for use in the OptiClik device, a prefilled SoloStar pen, and vials.

  • What should I know when beginning and continuing on this medication?

    How does this medication work? Your body needs insulin to turn sugar into energy. Diabetes develops when your body does not make enough insulin or does not properly use the insulin it makes. Lantus may help control your blood sugar levels by allowing blood sugar to move from your bloodstream into your cells for energy. What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results? What: Lowering your blood sugar to a normal level may prevent or delay potential complications associated with diabetes, such as blindness, kidney failure, or heart problems. Lantus provides a steady release of insulin to help control blood sugar between meals and overnight for up to 24 hours. Because it works for 24 hours, Lantus is injected just once a day, which may make it easier for you to remember. When: Lantus may control your blood sugar levels over the course of a day. How do I know it is working? Check your blood sugar regularly and as your healthcare provider tells you to. Your healthcare provider will also do regular blood tests to measure your blood sugar levels and your hemoglobin A1C (measures your average blood sugar levels over a 2- to 3-month period). Stay on your prescribed diet and exercise program, as this will also affect the results of your blood tests.

  • What are the possible side effects of this medication?

    The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.

    More common side effects may include: low blood sugar, injection-site reactions (including redness, pain, itching, hives, or swelling). Symptoms of low blood sugar include: anxiety, restlessness, trouble concentrating, changes in your personality or mood, blurred vision, dizziness, shakiness, lightheadedness, drowsiness, nightmares or trouble sleeping, sweating, irritability, headache, slurred speech, fast heartbeat, unsteady walking, or tingling in your hands, feet, lips, or tongue. Less common side effects may include: swelling of your hands and feet, weight gain, skin thickening at the injection site. Serious allergic reactions with symptoms such as a rash all over your body, shortness of breath, trouble breathing, fast heartbeat, sweating, or lightheadedness.

  • Who should not take this medication?

    Do not use Lantus if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.

  • What should I tell my healthcare provider before I take the first dose of this medication?

    Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Lantus. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have kidney or liver problems, or are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.

    Type 1 Diabetes Adults and children ≥6 years: Your healthcare provider will prescribe the appropriate dose for you or your child, based on daily insulin requirements. Type 2 Diabetes Adults: The recommended starting dose is 10 units once a day. Your healthcare provider may adjust your dose based on your blood sugar levels. If you have liver or kidney impairment, your healthcare provider may adjust your dose appropriately.

  • How should I take this medication?

    Inject Lantus exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change the amount of Lantus you inject or stop using it without first talking to your healthcare provider. Inject Lantus at any time during the day, but you must inject it at the same time every day. Only use Lantus that is clear and colorless. If you see that Lantus is cloudy or slightly colored, return it to your pharmacy for a replacement. Inject Lantus under the skin of your abdomen (stomach area), upper arm, or upper leg. Never inject it into a vein or muscle. Change your injection site each time you inject Lantus to reduce the chance of getting an injection-site reaction. Use the proper injection technique taught to you by your healthcare provider. Read the "Patient Information" that comes with your medicine for detailed instructions.

  • What should I avoid while taking this medication?

    Do not mix Lantus with any other insulin or solution. It will not work as intended and you may lose control of your blood sugar levels. Do not drink alcohol. Alcohol may affect your blood sugar when you use Lantus.

  • What are the possible food and drug interactions associated with this medication?

    If Lantus is used with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. Lantus may interact with numerous medications. Therefore, it is very important that you tell your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking.

  • May I receive this medication if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of Lantus during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of this medication?

    It is very important to follow your insulin regimen exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not miss any doses. Ask your healthcare provider for specific instructions to follow in case you ever miss a dose of insulin.

  • How should I store this medication?

    Store unopened vials, cartridges, and SoloStar pens in the refrigerator (not the freezer). Store open vials in the refrigerator. If you cannot refrigerate them, store at room temperature, away from direct heat and light. Open vials must be thrown away 28 days after being opened. Store open cartridges and SoloStar pens at room temperature, away from direct heat and light. Open cartridges and SoloStar pens must be thrown away 28 days after being opened. Do not store the OptiClik device, with or without a cartridge, in the refrigerator at any time.

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