Morphine sulfate

Generic Name: Morphine

  • What is Morphine sulfate?

    Morphine sulfate is a narcotic pain medicine used to relieve moderate to severe pain that is expected to last a short period of time, and pain that continues around-the-clock and is expected to last for a long period of time. This medication is available as an oral solution to be taken by mouth.

    Morphine sulfate is a federally controlled substance because it has abuse potential.

  • What is the most important information I should know about Morphine sulfate?

    Morphine sulfate has abuse potential. Mental and physical dependence can occur with the use of morphine sulfate when it is used improperly for long periods of time.

    Keep morphine sulfate in a safe place away from children. Accidental use by a child is a medical emergency and can cause death. If a child accidentally takes morphine sulfate, get emergency help immediately.

    Morphine sulfate can cause serious breathing problems that can become life-threatening, especially when it is used in the wrong way for long periods of time. Tell your doctor if you have any lung or breathing problems (such as asthma); your doctor will continuously monitor you.

    Morphine sulfate can reduce your blood pressure. This is more likely to happen if you have certain heart problems, or are taking other medications that can reduce your blood pressure.

    Morphine sulfate can impair your mental and physical abilities. Do not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how morphine sulfate affects you. Also, do not drink alcohol or take other medications that can affect your brain (such as medications that make you drowsy or narcotic painkillers) while using morphine sulfate.

  • Who should not take Morphine sulfate?

    Do not take morphine sulfate if you are allergic to it, any of its ingredients, or if you are having an asthma attack, have severe asthma, trouble breathing, or lung problems.

    Do not take morphine sulfate if you have paralytic ileus (impairment of the small intestines).

  • What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Morphine sulfate?

    Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with morphine sulfate. Also, talk to your doctor about your allergies and complete medical history, especially if you have breathing problems; brain problems, head injury, or seizures; severe liver or kidney problems; adrenal gland problems; hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland); urinary blockage; alcoholism; mental problems or hallucinations; constipation or bowel problems; pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas); history of or a present drug abuse or addiction problem; or a family history of drug abuse or addiction problem.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.

    Adults ≥18 years: The recommended starting dose is 10-20 milligrams (mg) every 4 hours as needed for pain. Your doctor will adjust the dose for you based on the severity of your pain and your response to this medication.

  • How should I take Morphine sulfate?

    Take morphine sulfate exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Know the exact dose and strength of morphine sulfate your doctor prescribed for you.

    Use the oral syringe provided with your morphine sulfate oral solution to help make sure you measure the right amount. Your doctor should show you the correct way to measure the right amount of morphine sulfate. Do not stop taking morphine sulfate abruptly without talking to your doctor.

    Please review the instructions that came with your prescription on how to properly use the syringe to take morphine sulfate oral solution.

  • What should I avoid while taking Morphine sulfate?

    Do not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how morphine sulfate affects you.

    Do not drink alcohol while you are taking morphine sulfate.

  • What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Morphine sulfate?

    If morphine sulfate is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining morphine sulfate with the following: alcohol, antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine), certain antipsychotic medications (such as clozapine or fluphenazine), cimetidine; monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), a class of drugs used to treat depression and other psychiatric conditions (such as phenelzine), other narcotic painkillers (such as oxycodone), quinidine, or other medications that slow down your brain function (such as alprazolam, diazepam, or phenobarbital).

  • What are the possible side effects of Morphine sulfate?

    Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.

    Side effects may include: breathing problems, constipation, decrease in blood pressure, dizziness, drowsiness, heart problems, lightheadedness, nausea, sweating, vomiting

  • Can I receive Morphine sulfate if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of morphine sulfate during pregnancy are unknown. Morphine sulfate can be found in your breast milk if you use it during breastfeeding. Do not take morphine sulfate while you are breastfeeding. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of Morphine sulfate?

    If you miss a dose of morphine sulfate, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.

  • How should I store Morphine sulfate?

    Store at room temperature. Protect from light and moisture.