What is this medication and its most common uses?Nesina is a medicine used along with diet and exercise to help control high blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes.
What should I know when beginning and continuing on this medication?How does this medication work?
Nesina helps your body release more insulin, thereby helping to control your blood sugar.
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: Lowering your blood sugar to a normal level may prevent or delay potential complications associated with diabetes, such as blindness, kidney failure, or heart problems.
When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's directions. It is important that you take Nesina exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed.
How do I know it is working?
Check your blood sugar regularly and as your healthcare provider tells you to. Your healthcare provider will also do regular blood tests to measure your blood sugar levels and your hemoglobin A1C (measures your average blood sugar levels over a 2- to 3-month period). Stay on your prescribed diet and exercise program, as this will also affect the results of your blood tests.
What are the possible side effects of this medication?The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
More common side effects may include: runny or stuffy nose and sore throat, headache, upper respiratory infection.
Less common side effects may include:
Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) with symptoms such as pain in your abdomen (stomach area) that is severe and will not go away. You may feel the pain going from your abdomen through to your back and may experience vomiting.
Serious allergic reactions with symptoms such as rash; hives; and swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat that may cause trouble breathing.
Liver problems, with symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, stomach pain, unusual or unexplained tiredness, loss of appetite, dark urine, or yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.
Low blood sugar, especially if you take certain other diabetes medicines. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar include shaking or feeling jittery, sweating, hunger, headache, change in your mood or vision, fast heartbeat, confusion, or dizziness.
Nesina may also lower vitamin B12 levels in your blood. Your healthcare provider may check your vitamin B12 blood levels periodically while you are taking Nesina.
Who should not take this medication?Do not take Nesina if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before I take the first dose of this medication?Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Nesina. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have pancreatitis; gallstones (stones in your gallbladder ); a history of alcoholism; kidney or liver problems; or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
What is the usual dosage?The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Adults: The recommended dose is 25 milligrams once a day.
If you have kidney impairment, your healthcare provider may adjust your dose appropriately.
If you are also using insulin or taking another diabetes medicine called a sulfonylurea (such as glimepiride, glipizide, or glyburide), your healthcare provider may adjust the dose of these medicines.
How should I take this medication?Take Nesina exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
Take Nesina with or without food.
If your body is under some types of stress (such as a fever, infection, trauma [such as a car accident], or surgery), your healthcare provider may need to adjust the dose of your diabetes medicine.
While you are taking Nesina, stay on your diet and exercise program, and check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your healthcare provider.
What should I avoid while taking this medication?Do not change your dose or stop taking Nesina without first talking to your healthcare provider.
What are the possible food and drug interactions associated with this medication?No significant interactions have been reported with Nesina at this time. However, always tell your healthcare provider about any medicines you take, including over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
May I receive this medication if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?The effects of Nesina during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
What should I do if I miss a dose of this medication?If you miss a dose of Nesina, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
How should I store this medication?Store at room temperature.