Nifedipine

Generic Name: Nifedipine

  • What is this medication and its most common uses?

    Nifedipine capsules are in a class of medicines known as a calcium channel blockers and are used to treat chest pain.

  • What should I know when beginning and continuing on this medication?

    How does this medication work?

    Nifedipine capsules help to reduce chest pain by increasing the supply of oxygen delivered to your heart and reducing the workload of your heart.

    What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?

    What: Nifedipine capsules may help manage your symptoms of chest pain.

    When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's instructions. It is important that you take nifedipine capsules exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed.

    How do I know it is working?

    You may start to experience less symptoms. If you notice less chest pain, then your medication is likely working.

  • What are the possible side effects of this medication?

    The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.

    More common side effects may include: dizziness; lightheadedness; warm, hot, burning feeling to your face; headache; weakness; nausea; heartburn; swelling of your legs, ankles, or feet.

    Less common side effects may include:

    Low blood pressure with symptoms such as fainting or dizziness.

    Possible increased chest pain or risk of a heart attack.

    Risk of developing congestive heart failure (a condition in which your heart cannot pump enough blood throughout your body).

  • Who should not take this medication?

    Do not take nifedipine capsules if you are allergic to this medicine or any of its ingredients.

  • What should I tell my healthcare provider before I take the first dose of this medication?

    Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with nifedipine capsules. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have kidney, liver, or heart problems; low blood pressure; chest pain; a recent history of a heart attack; or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

    Also, talk to your healthcare provider about any planned surgeries or procedures.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.

    Adults: The usual starting dose is 10 milligrams three times a day. Your healthcare provider may increase your dose as needed, until the desired effect is achieved.

    If you are elderly, your healthcare provider may adjust your dose appropriately.

  • How should I take this medication?

    Take nifedipine capsules exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking nifedipine capsules without first talking to your healthcare provider.

    Swallow nifedipine capsules whole.

  • What should I avoid while taking this medication?

    Do not take nifedipine capsules with grapefruit juice or grapefruit.

  • What are the possible food and drug interactions associated with this medication?

    If nifedipine capsules are taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your healthcare provider before combining nifedipine capsules with the following: blood pressure/heart medications known as beta-blockers (such as atenolol or metoprolol), blood thinners (such as warfarin), cimetidine, digoxin, fentanyl, or quinidine.

  • May I receive this medication if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of nifedipine capsules during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of this medication?

    If you miss a dose of nifedipine capsules, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.

  • How should I store this medication?

    Store at room temperature. Do not freeze. Protect from light, moisture, and humidity.

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