Oxycodone

Generic Name: Oxycodone

  • What is this medication and its most common uses?

    Oxycodone is a medicine used to manage both moderate to severe pain that is expected to last a short period of time and pain that is expected to last a long period of time.

    Oxycodone is a federally controlled substance because it has abuse potential.

  • What should I know when beginning and continuing on this medication?

    How does this medication work?

    Oxycodone works in your central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) and affects the way your body responds to pain.

    What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?

    What: Oxycodone has been shown to help relieve pain.

    When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's directions. It is important that you take oxycodone exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed.

    How do I know it is working?

    You may feel an improvement in your pain. This is a good indicator that the medicine is working. Your healthcare provider may ask you questions from time to time to assess how well your symptoms are controlled with treatment.

  • What are the possible side effects of this medication?

    The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.

    More common side effects may include: nausea, constipation, vomiting, headache, itching, trouble sleeping, dizziness, weakness, drowsiness.

    Less common side effects may include:

    Serious breathing problems with symptoms such as slowed or shallow breathing (little chest movement with breathing); feeling faint, dizzy, or confused; or other unusual symptoms.

    Oxycodone has abuse potential. If you have concerns, talk to your healthcare provider for more information about abuse and addiction. Do not share oxycodone with others and take steps to protect oxycodone from theft or misuse.

    Sudden fall in your blood pressure with symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting when rising too quickly from a sitting or lying position.

  • Who should not take this medication?

    Do not take oxycodone if you are allergic to it or to any of its ingredients.

    Do not take oxycodone if you are having breathing problems and there is no emergency medical equipment nearby.

    Do not take oxycodone if you are having an asthma attack, or if you have severe asthma, trouble breathing, or other lung problems.

    Do not take oxycodone if you have a bowel blockage or narrowing of your stomach or intestines.

  • What should I tell my healthcare provider before I take the first dose of this medication?

    Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with oxycodone. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have trouble breathing or lung problems; a head injury or brain problems; liver, kidney, thyroid, pancreas, or adrenal gland (such as Addison's disease) problems; seizures; problems urinating or enlargement of your prostate; mental health problems; constipation or bowel problems; a history of drug or alcohol addiction or a family history of these problems; or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What is the usual dosage?

    The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.

    Adults: Your healthcare provider will prescribe the appropriate dose for you based on your previous pain medication and the type and severity of your pain.

    It is important that you do not stop taking this medication abruptly. If you need to change or stop taking this medication, it is important that you only do this with the guidance of your healthcare provider.

  • How should I take this medication?

    Take oxycodone exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking oxycodone without first talking to your healthcare provider.

    When you stop taking oxycodone, flush the remaining capsules down the toilet.

  • What should I avoid while taking this medication?

    Do not drink alcohol or take prescription or over-the-counter medicines that contain alcohol while you are taking oxycodone.

    Do not drive a car, operate machinery, or engage in other dangerous activities until you know how oxycodone affects you.

  • What are the possible food and drug interactions associated with this medication?

    If oxycodone is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. Oxycodone may interact with numerous medications. Therefore, it is very important that you tell your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking.

  • May I receive this medication if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

    The effects of oxycodone during pregnancy are unknown. Oxycodone can be found in your breast milk if you take it while breastfeeding. Do not take oxycodone while you are breastfeeding. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

  • What should I do if I miss a dose of this medication?

    If you miss a dose of oxycodone, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once unless instructed by your healthcare provider.

  • How should I store this medication?

    Store at room temperature. Protect from moisture and light.