What is Victoza?Victoza is an injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar (glucose) in adults with type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent), and should be used along with diet and exercise.
What is the most important information I should know about Victoza?Victoza is not for use if you have type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent) or diabetic ketoacidosis (a life-threatening medical emergency caused by insufficient insulin and marked by excessive thirst, nausea, fatigue, pain below the breast bone, and fruity breath OR a life-threatening medical emergency caused by insufficient insulin).
While taking Victoza, tell your doctor if you get a lump or swelling in your neck, hoarseness, trouble swallowing, or shortness of breath. These may be symptoms of thyroid cancer. Do not take Victoza if you or any of your family members have thyroid cancer, or if you have Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN2). This is disease where you have tumors in more than one gland in your body.
Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which may be severe and lead to death, may occur while taking Victoza. Before taking Victoza, tell your doctor if you have had pancreatitis, stones in your gallbladder (gallstones), a history of alcoholism, or high blood triglyceride levels. These medical conditions can make you more likely to get pancreatitis in general.
Stop taking Victoza and call your doctor right away if you have pain in your stomach area (abdomen) that is severe and will not go away. The pain may happen with or without vomiting. The pain may be felt going from your abdomen through to your back. This type of pain may be a symptom of pancreatitis.
Who should not take Victoza?Do not take Victoza if you or any of your family members have a history of thyroid cancer or if you have MEN2.
What should I tell my doctor before I take the first dose of Victoza?Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Victoza. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have had thyroid cancer; if you have MEN2 or are allergic to liraglutide or any of the other ingredients in Victoza; have severe problems with your stomach, such as slowed emptying of your stomach or problems with digesting food; if you have or have had kidney or liver problems; if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
What is the usual dosage?The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your doctor uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your doctor's approval.
Adults: The usual starting dose is 0.6 milligrams (mg) per day for 1 week. After 1 week, your doctor will most likely increase your dose to 1.2 mg per day. If your blood sugar levels are not controlled at this dose, your doctor may increase your dose to 1.8 mg per day.
How should I take Victoza?Use Victoza exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Victoza is injected subcutaneously (under the skin), in your stomach area (abdomen), upper leg (thigh), or upper arm, as instructed by your doctor. It is injected one time each day, at any time during the day.
Victoza comes in a prefilled pen. Your doctor must teach you how to inject Victoza before you use it for the first time. If you have questions or do not understand the instructions, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
You can take Victoza with or without food.
Do not inject Victoza into a vein or muscle.
What should I avoid while taking Victoza?Avoid breastfeeding while taking Victoza. Also avoid becoming pregnant or using insulin while on therapy with Victoza, without first consulting your doctor.
What are possible food and drug interactions associated with Victoza?If Victoza is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Victoza with other diabetes medications, especially insulin or sulfonylurea medicines such as chlorpropamide, glimepiride, glipizide, or glyburide, or with any oral medication.
What are the possible side effects of Victoza?Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this drug.
Side effects may include: nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, upper respiratory tract infection, headache, influenza (the flu), urinary tract infection, dizziness, inflammation of the sinuses, inflammation of the nose and throat, back pain, high blood pressure, low blood sugar
Can I receive Victoza if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?The effects of Victoza during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your doctor immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Victoza?If you miss a dose of Victoza, take it as soon as you remember. If it is close to your next dose, do not take the missed dose. Take the next dose at your regular time. Do not take two doses at once.
How should I store Victoza?Store in the refrigerator away from the cooling element. Do not freeze or use if it has been frozen.
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